What is zoology?
In simple words, Zoology is the study of animal life throughout the world. The subject includes the study of a variety of topics including natural selection and its impact on behaviour, entomology - the study of insects, cell biology and the ecosystem - problems of rainforest destruction, for example. It also covers areas ranging from the structure of organisms to the sub-cellular unit of life. Zoologists study the interactions of animals with one another and their environments, and the significance of the behavior of animals.
Since zoology is both descriptive and analytical, it can be approached either as a basic science or as an applied science. A worker in basic zoology is interested in knowledge of animals for its own sake, while workers in applied zoology would be interested in information that will directly benefit humans.
Zookeeper/ Zoo Curator
These manage zoos and aquariums. They oversee activities ranging from preparing meals, administrating care, cleaning their enclosures, and monitoring animal behaviour. They may also help in the acquisition or breeding of animals in zoos, and take care of the legal and regulatory aspects related to this.
Animal and Wildlife Educator
They can help wildlife parks, sanctuaries, aquariums and museums create education literature like brochures, videos, guided tours or exhibits.
These zoologists help in times of environmental emergencies and natural disasters like bushfires, oil spills etc. Wildlife rehabilitation involves caring and nursing of ill, injured or orphaned wild animals, which are eventually released back into their natural habitat, once they recover.
Animal Behaviourists are usually trained in Ethology, the study of animal behaviour and hence, they can train zoologists and other zoo employees to interact better with animals.
If you have a flair for the media and a degree in zoology, you may ‘channelise’ your passions by working for the Discovery or National Geographic networks or become an independent documentary filmmaker.
A zoologist must possess a scientific temperament and be compassionate towards animals. S/he must also have patience, be meticulous and possess an aptitude for collecting information through research, which he/ she should be able to present in a simple, comprehensible manner. Inter-personal, communication and managerial skills will be an added asset.
Most of the Universities offer Masters degree courses Zoology at MSc, MPhil and PhD levels. For the entry, the students should possess a Bachelor’s degree with Zoology as principal subject or with Microbiology / Botany / Chemistry / Physics as Principal Subject and Zoology as subsidiary subject or BSc (First Class) of any university in Zoology / Life Sciences / Biological Sciences.
At the Masters level, students may study subjects like scientific writing, quantitative methods in Biology, Biochemistry, Physiology, Genetics, Cell and Developmental Biology, Cell and Molecular Biology, Genetic Engineering, Immunology, Drosophila Genetics, Biochemical Techniques, Genetic Toxicology, Endocrinology, Developmental Genetics, Insect physiology & Biochemistry, Microbial Genetics, Physiology of Mammalian Reproduction, Tissue Culture etc.