Gone are the days when gardening was considered to be just a hobby. If you have a passion for gardening, a professional course in landscaping will help.
Taught in most institutes as an element of horticulture in the bachelor’s level and as a specialisation in the master’s and doctorate level, landscape gardening is picking up pace due to the rise of global warming and pollution levels. “In metro cities where the pollution level is high, and open space is less, finding greenery is the last thing. Everyone is creating vertical spaces for plantation and terrace gardens. People are shifting to keeping plants inside their homes. All this has significantly boosted landscape gardening,” says SR Dhiman, professor, department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture, Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Himachal Pradesh.
While floriculture deals with the study of the cultivation of flowers, landscape gardening is the study of how to grow and use plants to beautify an area of land. Students who have passed the plus-two with Science can apply for a bachelor’s course in horticulture and later specialise in floriculture and landscaping.
A degree in landscape gardening gives the opportunity for students to become entrepreneurs in the flower and plant business, central or state government officials in the horticulture department or even do research work. “With an increase of high-rises in the metros and new urban cities, architectural firms are laying more importance in making townships green. Therefore, candidates of landscaping can get career opportunities in these areas as well,” says Ranjan K Srivastava, head, department of Horticulture, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Uttarakhand.
Several institutes such as Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR), Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, and Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology offer BSc in Horticulture, MSc in Horticulture (with an option to specialise in Floriculture and Landscaping) and PhD in Floriculture and Landscaping programmes.
With the technological boom, the scope for research work in landscape gardening and floriculture is also growing. However, in terms of funds provided by the government and the available infrastructure facilities, India is still behind Australia, New Zealand, Canada, etc. “Indian institutes have well-educated faculty to make the field at par with their foreign counterparts. However, with feeble support from the government, the field even after having potential, is struggling,” adds Dhiman.